Saturday, September 8, 2018

Internet protocol version (IPV4 and IPV6)


              What do you Mean by IPV4 and IPV6?

We have already know what is IPV
              
IPV stands for internet protocol version.
There are two types of IPV 
1. IPV4
2.IPV6

the first major version is IPV4 which is currently used by the system. and IPV6 created later on. 
what is ipv 4 and 6,
Internet protocol version 4 and 6

IPV4

It's consist of 4 bytes. or in other word have to say 4 octets.
                                                                               An octet is a means is a way to grouping.
an octet is a group of 8 bit just like a byte. and IP address is separated by dots.

IPV4

1byte                               1 byte                                    1byte                                     1byte

188             :                    164                    :                      0                      :                     2
8 bit                                 8 bit                                        8 bit                                      8 bit

and it consisting in base 10 numbers. but the computer does not understand base 10 numbers. 
it's only understood base 2 numbers.

so we have to convert base 10 numbers to base 2 numbers. 
so we have

11000000:10101000:00000000:00000010
 
and that's number is our IP Address of computer which can allow targeting our computer.

that's a one more important thing that is in IPV4 we have work with 32 bits.

IPV6

It allows for the more public address. and it works with 1028 bits. so it means we have 340 trillion trillion trillion base two numbers or IP address at a time. and this simplifies the things to manage and send the data over the internet. 
In IPV6 we have work with 1028 bytes.
and in IPV6 the address is separated from commas.
 like 192.234.435.5.344.33

for any question please comment on the section given below


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